Ishmael was not the intended descendant of Abraham that God had promised. As he and his mother wandered in the wilderness, God heard her cries and bestowed blessings upon Ishmael recorded below.
- Kedar, father of the Qedarites, (A northern Arab tribe that controlled the region between the Persian Gulf and the Sinai Peninsula). According to tradition, ancestor of Muhammad and the Quraysh tribe.
- Adbeel, established a tribe in northwest Arabia.
- Dumah, associated with Adummatu described as "a fortress of Arabia" in Saudi Arabia.
- Massa, father of a nomadic tribe that inhabited the Arabian desert toward Babylonia.
Here are some facts:
- Today there are 21 Arab states
- combined population of 175 million Arabs.
- There is only one Jewish state
- a population of 5 million.
- The Arab states contain 5.3 million square miles of oil rich land.
- Israel has only 8 thousand square miles of land with no major oil reserves that have been discovered.